The ancient Dong Sama Festival

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Sama Festival is spread in Rongjiang County of Guizhou Province in the Dong area of a grand ritual activities, large-scale, magnificent, mysterious ancient, with a legacy of the matriarchal society. Sama, also known as SA, Dong “Sa” the grandmother, “Ma” or “big”, “Sama” is the great grandmother. For Dong “SA altar”. (Figure / text Luo Yu)

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According to legend, early in the matriarchal society, a heroic Dong female chiefs in counter alien invasion war repeatedly performs outstandingly, people to her infinite worship. Unfortunately in a battle she cornered, eventually jumping. The Dong people admired her ability and integrity, will she regarded as to bring peace and happiness of gods to the nation, she respectfully as SAMA. In order to commemorate the dead SAMA, people in the middle of the village Pingba Leiqi mound, namely SA altar, as a place of worship and sacrifice. For women entered the temple SAMA worship pray for dong.

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Sama day, Dong family will butcher cattle Sama worship.

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Dong children finishing hair, dressed in costumes, ready to participate in the Sama Festival parade.

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Later, some of the Dong area SA Tan changed to a small wooden house. To the Qing Dynasty Emperor Guangxu period, the Rongjiang Sambo Dongxiang Village open-air SA altar has converted into a brick, though SAMA, Sama house, space is a solemn and mysterious. In Rongjiang, almost every village has built a shrine or temple of Notre Dame Sama, to the shrine of the virgin Sama.

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A fragrant candle waxed paper perennial shrine of our lady, every year a day, at any time may sacrifice sama.

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The house is not only a statue of SAMA. Tablets vertically to a semi open black umbrella, under the black umbrella barrier a heap of stones, symbol of the Dong people in SAMA souls of protecting united and strong, happy and healthy.

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SA in front of the house generally planted with pine and cypress or Qiannianai, to show Sama’s spirit remains. For older women picking Dong Qiannianai, preparing for the sacrifice.

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Sacrifice SAMA time general in the spring before (lunar new year in January or February) or after harvest (lunar calendar in September or October) of the slack time, choose auspicious days to hold a memorial ceremony. The general scale is offering SAMA village festival village, also invited the neighboring village concelebrated. The selection of Dong stockade do SAMA incarnation a woman, the old walled for tea.

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The priest into the black umbrella silently praying spell.

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The old lady in front of the altar, Dong zhencha laid sama.

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The old woman in the Dong offerings on the plug.

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Ritual is completed, by the old walled, open gongs, Sama incarnation as well as a number of Dong woman consisting of teams in the temple SAMA “spirit, then out of the ancestral temple on a cruise to the road.

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Dong er’s light straw core after sewing clothes, in order to ward off evil spirits in Ankang.

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In the parade, open gong walking in the front ranks, open for team spirits.

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Men carrying grass walking in the parade in front of most worship.

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Dong women dressed in national costumes.

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Dong women plug Qiannianai in the head, and pray for health and peace, evergreen.

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The old drummer stockade joined the team in the parade.

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The Dong women’s hand in hand and the besieged city circle dance, meaning solidarity and mutual assistance.

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The end of sacrifice, Dong women in a circle for good weather, a bumper grain harvest, now singing, now dancing, peace and prosperity.

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